Unknown anal cancer: You should recognize these first symptoms of anal cancer

Unknown anal cancer: You should recognize these first symptoms of anal cancer

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Anal cancer: Relatively high chance of survival with good treatment

The actress Marcia Cross, known from the series Desperate Housewives, has announced via her Instagram account that she suffered from anal cancer. After chemotherapy, however, she is now completely recovered. Proctologist Prof. Dr. explains what the rare disease is all about, how it is treated and what subsequent complications the actress may have. Stefan Hillejan.

For many an unknown topic or even a taboo topic: anal cancer. How does the disease manifest? What therapy and early detection methods are available? The expert Prof. (Univ. Chisinau) Dr. Stefan Hillejan, phlebologist and proctologist from the practice clinic for venous and rectal diseases in Hanover and chairman of the professional association of qualified medical experts in Germany:

“By anal cancer, also known as anal carcinoma, doctors understand a malignant tumor of the anus. Only about one in 100,000 people develop anal cancer in their lives, making it one of the rarer types of cancer. Similar to hemorrhoids, symptoms include itching, pain during bowel movements and blood in the stool or on the toilet paper. With these signs, those affected should therefore definitely consult a specialist who will take a tissue sample from the affected area and have it examined in the laboratory if the rectum is mirrored.

If it is anal cancer, the tumor is surgically removed or radiation therapy is carried out, if necessary also in combination. The tumor is often removed and only in rare cases do patients need an artificial intestinal exit afterwards. Stool incontinence can also occur. After the therapy has been completed, patients must undergo regular check-ups to rule out that the cancer will return. Five years after treatment, the survival rate is comparatively high at around 80%. ” (sb)

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Video: Anal cancer: The ESMO-ESSO-ESTRO Guidelines: Translating in clinical practice (May 2022).