A number of diseases are summarized under the generic term “mental illnesses”, from depression to dementia. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the state of health not only includes the absence of diseases, but also mental wellbeing. The abundance of sufferings of psychological origin and the high number of sufferers shows that these types of impairments are not uncommon. Both genetic and environmental factors can be used as triggers, so the therapeutic approach should be comprehensive.
Around 18 million people suffer from a mental illness in Germany each year, with only about one in five taking professional help. Anxiety disorders are most common, followed by depression and alcohol and drug related disorders. Mental illness is the second most common cause of absenteeism in the workplace and the most common reason for early health-related pensions in Germany.
(Image 1: Black Brush / fotolia.com)