Medicinal plants

Medicinal plants for hypertension

Medicinal plants for hypertension

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These medicinal plants can help with high blood pressure
Hypertension, referred to in technical jargon as hypertension, should not be taken lightly. Often this remains unnoticed for a long time, but high blood pressure can have devastating effects if left untreated. Chemical medicinal products do not always have to be used immediately - medicinal plants, used correctly, can also help with lighter forms.


The cause of high blood pressure is usually unclear. This is also known as essential hypertension. Other causes include diseases of the kidney, the hormonal system, the vessels, type II diabetes or the use of certain medications such as glucocorticoids, psychotropic drugs, thyroid hormones and the birth control pill. A predisposition to high blood pressure can also be genetic.

Other causes include obesity, lack of exercise, high cholesterol, high salt consumption, daily alcohol consumption, negative stress, smoking and a lack of potassium. In any case, high blood pressure must be checked by a doctor. If there are underlying diseases, these must be treated first.


Many patients do not notice their existing high blood pressure for a long time. This is a so-called coincidence, for example during the annual check-up. Others complain of headaches, ringing in the ears, dizziness, palpitations and sweating. If there is an underlying disease, there are often other symptoms.

The WHO (World Health Organization) classifies high blood pressure as follows:
Optimal blood pressure prevails at values ​​of around 120 mmHg systolic and around 80 mmHg diastolic. With normal blood pressure, systole is between 120 and 129 and diastole between 80 and 84 mmHg. A high normal blood pressure means systolic values ​​between 130 to 139 mmHg and diastolic values ​​between 85 and 89 mmHg.

Then the so-called mild hypertension, also called stage I, begins: systole 140 to 159 mmHg and diastole 90 to 99 mmHg. In middle hypertension (stage 2), systole reaches 160 - 179 mmHg and diastole 100 to 109 mmHg. Systolic values ​​above 180 mmHg and diastolic values ​​above 110 mmHg are called severe hypertension (level 3).

Medicinal plants

Mild or borderline high blood pressure can be treated with medicinal plants. But it is essential to keep a blood pressure diary. If the hypertension cannot be influenced, or if the values ​​change considerably, this must be clarified with a doctor. Even if the values ​​become normal again, but the symptoms do not change, the patient belongs in a doctor's office.

Rauwolfia serpentina (snake root)

Rauwolfia is used for mild essential hypertension. Especially when those affected suffer from restlessness, fear and / or tension. In addition to a slightly hypotensive effect, this medicinal plant relieves the accompanying symptoms such as headache and dizziness.
Due to considerable side effects, Rauwolfia is only used in low doses and mostly also in mixed preparations. A homeopathic prescription is no longer prescription only from D4. Rauwolfia should never be taken just like that without first consulting a doctor or health practitioner.

Taking a Rauwolfia preparation is absolutely contraindicated if there are diseases such as depression, stomach or intestinal ulcers or even a tumor of the adrenal medulla. Likewise, pregnant women and nursing mothers must be excluded from the intake.

Olive leaf extract

Everyone now knows how healthy olive oil is. But the olive leaf extract is even healthier and more substantial. This is anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, antibiotic, antifungal, antiparasitic and also strengthens the immune system. Hildegard von Bingen already used olive leaves in the treatment of indigestion - but in tea form. The olive leaf extract is more effective. This supports intestinal cleansing, prevents recurrent bladder infections, helps with vaginal thrush and improves the vascular situation throughout the body. This also has a positive effect on the treatment of high blood pressure. If you don't like the bitter taste of the extract, you can take it in the form of capsules. It is important to ensure that there is sufficient fluid intake.


The mistletoe is a very special plant. It balances high but also low blood pressure. This is especially good for patients who suffer from fluctuations in blood pressure. The mistletoe is available as tea, in the form of drops, tablets or ampoules. It is best to discuss with a doctor or alternative practitioner which application is the right one.

Garlic and wild garlic

Garlic is not only a great spice, but also a helpful medicinal plant. Garlic has an antibacterial, antifungal effect and prevents the platelets from clumping together, which is known as platelet aggregation inhibition. This medicinal plant can also dissolve existing blood clots. In this respect, garlic is a good remedy for high blood pressure.

If you don't like garlic, you can go for wild garlic instead. This also keeps the vessels elastic and can lower the increased blood pressure somewhat. It is best to eat garlic and wild garlic fresh and regularly.

Alpine rose (Rhododendron ferrugineum)

The rust-leaved alpine rose is poisonous. It should therefore only be used in homeopathic form, from D6. This medicinal plant is prescribed for gout, rheumatic diseases, sensitivity to the weather and also for high blood pressure in naturopathy.


Gingko is known for its reduced mental capacity, difficulty concentrating, ringing in the ears and dizziness. Gingko improves blood circulation and expands the blood vessels, which can also have a positive effect on existing high blood pressure. Caution: Gingko must be avoided when taking blood thinners!


Everyone knows asparagus - a tasty, draining vegetable. However, asparagus can also help as a medicinal plant for hypertension. As asparagus juice or in tablet form, this contributes to gentle drainage, which can help with some forms of high blood pressure. Before a cure with an asparagus preparation, a doctor should be consulted. Dewatering is not suitable for everyone.


Crataegus, the hawthorn, can be found in various tea blends. It is used to strengthen the heart, especially in the so-called old-age heart, but also in connection with palpitations in the menopause and for the treatment of high blood pressure. Crataegus is also popular as a tincture, individually or together with other medicinal plants.

Soothing medicinal plants

Medicinal plants that have a calming effect often also have a positive effect on existing high blood pressure. Examples include valerian, lemon balm, lavender, passion flower and hops. Above all, if the affected person has a stress-related high pressure, the plants mentioned are recommended - individually or as a mixture. Tea blends are described later in the article.

Homeopathy for hypertension

Homeopathy is a therapeutic method in naturopathy that is often used in hypertension patients. However, the remedy appropriate to the patient and his symptoms must first be found here. An experienced naturopath or a doctor specializing in homeopathy should be consulted before taking it - especially if high potencies are taken.


Aconite, the monkshood, is a suitable remedy for spontaneously occurring hypertension crises. The blood pressure rises suddenly and massively. Acute symptoms such as fear, panic and restlessness may also occur. Those affected feel better in the fresh air and in peace.


Arnica is known to be used for injuries, accidents, etc. If arnica is the right remedy for high blood pressure, those affected have a red face, suffer from headaches, buzzing in the ears, drowsiness and possibly even nosebleeds. The head is hot, but the body is cold.

Aurum metallicum

Aurum metallicum - Gold is a homeopathic remedy that brings some light back to life. For example, those who need it may be a little moody. You are one of those people who are very ambitious and cannot handle it if they do not achieve their own ambitious goals. There are also reddened skin and a slightly bloated face.

Adonis vernalis

Adonis vernalis, the Adonis floret helps with high blood pressure in hectic, restless people, especially in connection with an overactive thyroid.


Cactus, the Queen of the Night, is a homeopathic remedy that is used for “tightness”, dizziness, blood pressure to the head, high blood pressure, anxiety and melancholy.


Glonoinum, better known as nitroglycerin, is the treatment of choice for conventional angina pectoris. But also in homeopathic form, Glonoinum can serve well for high blood pressure. Accompanying symptoms are headache, blood rush to the head and hot flashes.

Tea recipes

Several medicinal plants together often help more than one alone. Here, below, are some simple tea recipes that can help with slightly elevated blood pressure.

Blood pressure tea 1
For this, mistletoe, hawthorn blossoms - and leaves and lemon balm leaves are mixed in equal parts and a teaspoon of this is scalded with about 250 ml of boiling water. The tea is ready after about seven minutes. A cup is drunk in the morning and in the evening.

Blood pressure tea 2 for relaxation
This tea is used for relaxation and can therefore lower the increased blood pressure somewhat. For the tea, lavender, lemon balm and passion flower are mixed in equal parts, a teaspoon is brewed with 250 ml of boiling water and strained after about seven to eight minutes. Two to three cups a day provide relaxation.

Blood pressure tea 3 for the stressed
This tea is suitable for calming the stressed: 30g hawthorn blossoms and leaves, 30g lavender flowers and 40 g valerian root. Pour a quarter liter of boiling water over this teaspoon and let it steep for about seven to eight minutes. Two to three cups are drunk a day.

Additional tips

With hypertension, a rethink is the order of the day. Mild hypertension can often be improved by medicinal plants and a different lifestyle. Existing overweight should be reduced. Moderate sport - especially endurance sport - is recommended. Before starting, please consult the attending doctor. Daily walks already help a lot.

It is best to stop smoking altogether and reduce alcohol consumption. Excessive salting of the food does not have to be - it is better to season with herbs. Proper, balanced nutrition is important. Animals are reduced - meat, sausages and fish are only on the menu twice a week. Fruit and vegetables, fiber and whole grains make up the majority of the food.

Negative stress is poison and can lead to high blood pressure over time. Those affected have to learn to deal with stress. Meditation, progressive muscle relaxation and yoga help here. Scheduled rest periods are important. (sw)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Susanne Waschke, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch


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  • X.J.Xiong, P.Q. Wang, S.J. Li, et al .: Garlic for hypertension: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, Phytomedicine, Volume 22, Issue 3, March 2015,
  • Yong-Qing CAI, Jian-Hui HU, Jie QIN, u.a .: Rhododendron Molle (Ericaceae): phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology, Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 16, Issue 6, June 2018,
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  • Christian J. F. Holubarsch, Wilson S. Colucci, Jaan Eha: Benefit-Risk Assessment of Crataegus Extract WS 1442: An Evidence-Based Review, American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs, February 2018, Volume 18, Issue 1,
  • Mie Nishimura, Tatsuya Ohkawara, Hiroyo Kagami-Katsuyama, among others: Improvement of Blood Pressure, Glucose Metabolism, and Lipid Profile by the Intake of Powdered Asparagus (蘆筍 Lú Sǔn) Bottom-stems and Cladophylls, Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Volume 3, Issue 4, 2013,

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