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How to avoid a runner's knee
Running is number one popular sport. Complaints resulting from running often affect the knee, which is why the complaint is also popularly known as the running knee. An orthopedic surgeon explains how to prevent such suffering so that running does not become a pain.
Sometimes the muscles are too weak, sometimes it is due to a misalignment of the feet - and sometimes they are worn out shoes. A runner's knee can have many causes. What helps?
When the knee spoils the fun of running
With a painful knee, the jogging round is not fun. Behind it could be the so-called runner knee - an overload of a fascia (iliotibial tract) that comes from the thigh along the side of the knee.
This overload can have a variety of causes - most often the thigh, hip and pelvic muscles are too weak, explains the orthopedic surgeon Patrik Reize. "As a result, the hip always sinks on the opposite side while running and this leads to an overstretching of the tract." The result: stinging pain on the outside of the knee.
Why well-worn running shoes are a problem
Bow legs or X legs could also favor the development of a runner's knee, says Reize. Likewise misalignments in the foot area - and worn running shoes. "Then the sole compresses and you get a dysbalance when you step on the foot," explains the medical director of the Clinic for Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery at the Stuttgart Clinic.
Runner knee favors misalignments
The problem with the runner's knee: According to the expert, the tract usually does not tear. However, the chronic overstretching ensures that it and the surrounding tendons lose their elasticity and no longer dampen as well. "And you get used to other misalignments because you avoid the pain. So you should take it seriously, ”says Reize.
Many options for countermeasures
What helps? First of all, suitable and not too worn out shoes and the strongest muscles around the thighs and hips. Insoles are an option against possible malpositions - a treadmill measurement can provide more precise information here. "You should pull out all the stops to get rid of it," says Reize. Orthopedic surgeons could determine whether there are abnormalities in the gait pattern, leg length or foot.
Those with sporting ambitions can contact a physiotherapist who specializes in athletes. "He then looks more at muscles, tendons and fascia," says Reize. Massages, heat ointments or electrotherapy are also conceivable, according to the orthopedist. (vb; source: dpa / tmn)
You can find further causes of complaints in the knee area in the article: Knee pain - causes and therapy.